Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Drawings of the Moon, November-December 1609
Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Ms. Gal. 48, f. 28r
Galileo produced this extremely famous set of six watercolours of the Moon in its various phases "from life", as he observed the Earth's satellite through a telescope in the autumn of 1609. They represent the first realistic depiction of the Moon in history.