Martianus Capella (5th century)
De nuptiis Philologić et Mercurii, 11th century
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, San Marco 190, f. 102r
This work, by Carthaginian lawyer Martianus Capella, introduces a different world system from the one devised by Ptolemy. The Moon, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn orbit around the Earth, while Mercury and Venus orbit around the Sun.