Online Exhibits > Leonardo and the Engineers of the Renaissance > General Index

Warfare

Military engineering is another major theme in the work of Taccola and Francesco di Giorgio. Taccola was seeking employment with Emperor Sigismund of Hungary, who visited Siena in 1432-1433.

Francesco, meanwhile, collaborated with two of the leading warrior-princes of the fifteenth century: Federico da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino, and Alfonso of Aragon, Duke of Calabria.

Taccola and Francesco were living in a transitional period for military technology. The devices and techniques of classical and medieval times were still in widespread use, while the advent of firearms and the bombard - defined by Francesco di Giorgio as a "diabolical invention" - posed an ever-greater threat.

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