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Platonic Academy

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busta Firenze
Accademia non più esistente (aveva sede nella Villa di Careggi)


The Academy was founded by Marcilio Ficino in 1459, by express wish of Cosimo il Vecchio, for the purpose of studying the works of Plato and his followers and promoting their dissemination by providing Latin translations of the texts. The Academy also sought to recover scientific texts of antiquity. The Platonic creed of the academicians, with its emphasis on the geometric and numerical foundations of reality, played a determining role in the development of the scientific debate: the rediscovery of important mathematical, medical and naturalistic works of the past set the foundations of modern science. The activity of the Academy reached its peak under Lorenzo the Magnificent, who was both member and patron of the institute. At the death of Lorenzo in 1492, the Academy moved from the Villa of Careggi to the house of Bernardo Rucellai, who opened up the Oricellari Gardens (Orti Oricellari) to the academicians. In 1522, as a result of the conspiracy against Cardinal Giulio de' Medici, the Platonic Academy ceased all activity. G. Pico della Mirandola, A. Poliziano, L. B. Alberti and N. Machiavelli were all members of the Academy.

 bibliography

Tiraboschi G., Storia della letteratura italiana, Modena, 1787-1794, v. 6, parte 1, p. 105, p. 370.

Prezziner G., Storia del pubblico Studio e delle Societa scientifiche e letterarie di Firenze, Firenze, 1810, v.1-2

Della Torre A., Storia dell'Accademia Platonica di Firenze, Firenze 1902

Maylender M., Storia delle Accademie d'Italia, Bologna, 1926-1930, v. 4, p. 294-315

Galluzzi P., Il "platonismo" del tardo Cinquecento e la filosofia di Galileo, Zambelli P. (ed.), Ricerche sulla cultura dell'Italia moderna, Bari 1973

Galluzzi P., Il mecenatismo mediceo e le scienze, Vasoli C. (ed.), Idee, Istituzioni, Scienze ed Arti nella Firenze dei Medici, Firenze 1980


Text edited by Anna Toscano

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