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LEONARDO DA VINCI - Studies of the spinal column


Royal Collection (RLW), 19007v; K/P 139v

This extraordinary sheet proves Leonardo's thorough grasp of the mechanics of spinal-column movements. He breaks the column into individual vertebrae, which he analyzes separately to show their variable dimensions. On the lower left, Leonardo's exploded view provides an exceptionally clear demonstration of the mechanical principles governing the assembly of individual vertebrae into the column.

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2004 IMSS Piazza dei Giudici 1 50122 Florence ITALY