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La Fortezza Vecchia di Livorno
The Old Fortress in Leghorn


1:100 scale model (Sergio Catastini, 1980)
Leghorn, Fortezza Vecchia

Designed by Antonio and Giuliano da Sangallo to extend a medieval stronghold, the fortress was later transformed into the residence of Cosimo I. In 1662 the Cimento academicians conducted experiences on the motion of projectiles there.