Michael's Life

Journey Map

Michael of Rhodes signed onto a Venetian galley in 1401 as a common oarsman. Over the next four decades he sailed on dozens of voyages, either in the war galleys of the Venetian navy, or in the commercial galleys of the merchant fleet. He rose in the ranks, attaining a number of different offices, including the highest rank a non-noble could have in Venetian service.

Years later, Michael recorded his voyages, listing his destinations, his rank, and the officers with whom he served. From Michael’s records we can reconstruct a great deal about the progress of his career, as he rose from "man of the oar," to nochiero, paron, comito, "man of the council," and finally to armiraio.

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See the three-volume scholarly edition of the manuscript, published by MIT Press in 2009--Michael of Rhodes, The Book of Michael of Rhodes, 3 vols. ed. Pamela O. Long, David McGee, and Alan M. Stahl (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2009). The three-volume edition includes a facsimile (volume 1); a transcription and translation of the text (volume 2); and a volume of studies on the contents of the text (volume 3).

Michael wrote a second manuscript which is published as Pietro di Versi, Raxion de' marineri. Taccuino nautico del XV secolo, ed. A. Conterio (Venice 1991). An earlier Venetian compilation is available in English as John Dotson, ed., Merchant Culture in Fourteenth Century Venice: the Zibaldone da Canal (Binghamton, N.Y. 1994). For the history of the writing down of practical texts, see Pamela O. Long, Openness, Secrecy, Authorship: Technical Arts and the Culture Of Knowledge From Antiquity to the Renaissance (Baltimore, 2001).