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Andreas Cellarius, Atlas coelestis seu Harmonia Macrocosmica - pl. 23


Andreas Cellarius (1596-1665)
Atlas cœlestis seu Harmonia Macrocosmica, Amsterdam, 1660
Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Magl. 5._.81, pl. 23

An attempt to replace the names of classical constellations with those of figures from the Old and New Testaments. The signs of the zodiac are replaced with the names of the 12 Apostles. Christ is the Sun, while the Virgin Mary is identified with the Moon.