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Cosmas Indicopleustes, Topographia Christiana


Cosmas Indicopleustes (6th century)
Topographia Christiana, 11th century
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Pl. 82.10, ff. 95v-96r (facsimile)

Cosmas rejected the classical view of the cosmos as a sphere. He saw the Earth and the universe as a tabernacle. Our planet has a rectangular shape with its sides supporting the vault of heaven.