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Martianus Capella, De nuptiis Philologiae et Mercurii


Martianus Capella (5th century)
De nuptiis Philologić et Mercurii, 11th century
Florence, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, San Marco 190, f. 102r

This work, by Carthaginian lawyer Martianus Capella, introduces a different world system from the one devised by Ptolemy. The Moon, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn orbit around the Earth, while Mercury and Venus orbit around the Sun.