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Michel Florent van Langren, Plenilunii Lumina Austriaca Philippica


Michel Florent van Langren (1600-1675)
Plenilunii Lumina Austriaca Philippica, 1645
Edinburgh, Crawford Library

This is the oldest map of the Moon showing the names proposed by the author for identifying the most prominent locations on the Earth's satellite. It marked the beginning of scientific selenography, sparking the debate on the naming of the Moon's features.