3.B - The Pompeian horti

The orchards and gardens of Pompeii, enclosed by high walls, or in a few rare cases hanging, ranged in size from 10 to 4000 square meters. Most of the gardens, some of them tiny, adorned houses located at the center of the ancient city. Some residences, the wealthiest, had more than one garden: the House of the Citarist, for example, had three.

In the suburban areas, especially in the vicinity of the Amphitheater, were public gardens such as those of the Great Palaestra, as well as numerous vegetable gardens, vineyards, orchards and plants grown for agricultural purposes and craftsmen’s activities, such as the production of flowers for perfume or the cultivation of nursery plants.

In many of the gardens were tricliniums built of masonry, larariums, and sometimes sundials, as well as small-scale domestic cultures of snails, dormice and doves, raised in special terracotta shelters.

  Fountain portraying the Hydra of Lerna   The gardens of Pompeii   The suburban villas   Garden decoration and fountains
  3.B.a - The plants in Pompeian gardens   3.B.b - The Villa of Poppea in Oplontis  3.B.c - The House of the Stags in Herculaneum   3.B.d - The House of the Golden Cupids  3.B.e - The House of the Vettii   3.B.f - Gardens and the water  3.B.g - The House of D. Octavius Quartio   3.B.h - Horti conclusi  3.B.i - Farm implements   3.B.j - Painted gardens

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