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3.B.a - The plants in Pompeian gardens

In the gardens, whose vegetation has been traced by studying plant remains such as pollen, seeds and wood of various kinds, both useful and ‘ornamental’ plants were grown: little fruit trees, juniper bushes, vines to shade the tricliniums, roses, ivy, myrtle, box and viburnum, as well as annual and perennial herbaceous plants such as lychnis, chickweed, artemisia, and malva.

Each of these species had multiple uses in daily life. Some of them, such as roses, chickweed and lychnis, were employed in ritual ceremonies, while others, including myrtle and juniper, were used in domestic pharmacy.

The lawns were made up of a great number of spontaneous species, mainly Graminaceae and Leguminosae.


Anthemis sp. Arbutus unedo Aster amellus Calystegia sylvestris Chrysanthemum segetum Laurus nobilis Lilium candidum Nerium oleander Papaver somniferum Phoenix dactylyphera Platanus orientalis, Columba palumbus,Pica pica, Passer ital. Polygonatum multiflorum Rosa centifolia, Luscinia megarhyncha Rosa versicolor Viburnum tinus, Oriolus oriolus Vinca sp. Chrysanthemum segetum Nelumbo nucifera Vinca sp.


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